Paragon is providing the CST-100 Humidity Control Subassembly (HCS) for cabin atmospheric humidity control of the Boeing Crew Space Transportation System (CCTS) and Crew Space Transportation (CST)-100 spacecraft.
Paragon’s HCS is based on patent-pending humidity control technology developed under a NASA Commercial Crew Development 1 (CCDev1) Space Act Agreement designed to stimulate the private sector in the development of safe, reliable and cost-effective space transportation. The humidity control system is one of seven systems that comprise Paragon’s Commercial Crew Transport-Air Revitalization System (CCT-ARS) which was developed through the flight Preliminary Design Review (PDR) in 2010 for commercial crew transport applications. Paragon’s resulting CST-100 HCS meets Boeing needs as a robust, simple and low mass humidity control solution for a variety of applications. Boeing’s CST-100 is being developed as part of NASA’s Commercial Crew Program, which aims to resume U.S.-based flights to space by 2017. The CST-100 will transport up to seven passengers or a mix of crew and cargo to the International Space Station (ISS) and other low-Earth orbit destinations.
Orion Passive Thermal Control
Paragon is supporting Lockheed Martin in the development and documentation of analytical models to support NASA’s Orion program passive thermal analysis effort. Paragon provided personnel and support during testing of several sub-systems as well as the spacecraft as a whole. Paragon provided support to the design and analysis of the ECLSS sub-system and supported preparation for and post-flight analysis of the Exploration Flight Test 1 (EFT-1).
Key Paragon engineers were part of the team that resolved problems with the thermal protection material, Avcoat, on the world’s largest ablating heat shield, a solution that garnered a NASA Johnson Space Center (JSC) Group Achievement Award and a Rotary National Award for Space Achievement (RNASA) Stellar Award.
Paragon’s thermal analysis, design, and testing support will continue into future EM-1 and EM-2 missions. Exploration Mission 1 is set to be the first flight of the Space Launch System (SLS) Launch Vehicle and Exploration Mission 2 is planned to follow with the first crewed mission for the Orion Spacecraft, both of which are planned to fly around the Moon before returning to Earth.
ORION ECLS Tubing (MPCV)
Paragon’s primary scope is to design, analyze, and manufacture the tubing for the environmental control and life support system (ECLSS) on the Orion MPCV.
Orion Flow Measurement Subassembly (FLO1)
Paragon will build another Flow Measurement Subassembly (FLO1), similar to the unit that flew on Orion’s first successful launch of the Exploration Flight Test -1 (EFT-1) on December 5, 2014. This new unit will be utilized on the Exploration Mission -1 (EM-1) flight, schedule for some time in 2017.
FLO1 primary functions are to measure the flow rate, pressure, and temperature of the Propylene Glycol and Water (PGW) fluid in both spacecraft Active Thermal Control System (ATCS) fluid lines. In addition, it measures the cabin air pressure and simulates the mass of hardware destined for future Orion spacecraft.
Paragon was contracted by Mars One to perform an initial conceptual design of the Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS) and Mars Surface Exploration Spacesuit System. During this study, Paragon identified major suppliers, concepts, and technologies that exist today and can be used as the baseline architecture for further development. The ECLSS will provide and maintain a safe, reliable environment for the inhabitants, providing them with clean air and water. The surface suits will enable the settlers to work outside of the habitat and explore the surface of Mars.
Offering a gentle, comfortable, and life-changing travel experience to the edge of space for private citizens; and affordable access to a range of near-space commercialization opportunities for researchers, private companies and government agencies, World View is pioneering a new era of discovery at the edge of space. Available today for unmanned commercial opportunities with an altitude threshold of 130,000 feet, and currently taking reservations for manned flights and private tours, World View is creating unprecedented access to the near-space environment. Paragon is contracted to be the life support system and vehicle developer.
Regenerable, heat-Abating, humidity-Neutralizing, Carbon dioxide Removal System (RANCOR)
This program aims to refine high-capacity, low-pressure carbon dioxide and water removal technologies to produce a lower maintenance, lighter weight Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) with reduced logistical burden. Such a system may be used in prolonged entry into immediately dangerous to life and health (IDLH) or Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) environments.
Lightweight, versatile closed loop coolant system that will provide a modular, adaptable thermal rejection system which can be applied to a variety of current and future vessels. COLDPLATES can be adapted to existing vehicles for immediate improvements in survivability and reliability, and then co-engineered to ensure that future boat acquisitions include COLDPLATES for maximum benefit and potential weight reduction. All boats fitted with COLDPLATES will have the ability to maintain maximum effectiveness without risk of damage or clogging of the cooling system.
Ceramic SOE/ESR (CSE)
Paragon and ENrG Incorporated (ENrG) are teaming to provide a solid oxide electrolysis (SOE) system with embedded Sabatier reactors (ESR) by leveraging a Corning all-ceramic, efficient, and low mass solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) that remains leak-tight after hundreds of thermal cycles. The all-Ceramic SOE/ESR (CSE) system converts water/carbon monoxide/carbon dioxide into oxygen and methane. Applications include in situ resource utilization on the Moon and Mars to produce propellant and human-consumable oxygen as well as any life support system that requires 100% oxygen recycling capability.
“PDS” Paragon Dive System™
Paragon Dive System (PDS) converts a commercially available helmet and suit to a fully encapsulated protection system to isolate the diver from the hazards found in grossly contaminated water. PDS allows divers to operate in highly contaminated water with reduced risk of illness, injury and both immediate and latent health problems. This program aims to provide the highest level of safety by isolating the diver from their environment, eliminating permeation of Ingress contaminants, and providing an emergency backup exhaust circuit as a failsafe in case of malfunction.
PDS additional provides a solution to lowering operating costs by providing robust seals that reduce the time between replacement deals, increasing the dive times to six hours without risk to exposure, and providing lower maintenance costs through the elimination of needing to replace the soft goods after each dive.
PDS is designed to support the US Navy’s need to protect divers from acute to chronic exposure to Category 1 contaminated water, addressing the two main issues of exposure to divers: leakage through helmet seals due to degradation from chemicals in the water, and ingress of water through the helmet exhaust and suit dump valves.
“CELSIUS” Launch Environment Tolerant Thermal And MMOD Protection
The Paragon and Thin Red Line developed the Cryogenic Encapsulating Launch Shroud and Insulated Upper Stage (CELSIUS) system, providing windswept-tolerant, near-ideal, deterministic thermal and structural performance with integrated MMOD protection for long-loiter upper stage and cryogenic depot applications.
“STELA” Structural-Thermal Expandable Launch Adapter
Paragon Space Development Corporation and Thin Red Line Aerospace offer a unique solution that thermally isolates the upper stage rocket from a payload on orbit while providing adequate structural connection for orbital maneuvers. STELA aims to enable long-loiter upper stage and cryogenic depot applications.
“IWP” Ionomer-membrane Water Processor
Developed to improve and simplify the water recovery process for space applications, Paragon’s patented Ionomer-membrane Water Processor (IWP) System utilizes the forced convection of dry spacecraft cabin air coupled with a robust membrane distillation process to purify and recover the available water from urine brine.
IWP offers simplification over existing technology through lower dependency on moving parts, integration of the capture of wastewater solutes for disposal, providing 85% water recovery from brine, 98% water recovery from urine, and 99% removal of contaminants in pretreated urine and brine. IWP offers virtually complete dewatering of the brine in a configuration designed for microgravity application.
The IWP is proving that it can be inserted into existing and/or developing water recovery system architectures to increase water recovery rates beyond those available to data. IWP has recently been awarded a SBIR Phase III contract for the IWP system with its initial application planned for installment on the International Space Station (ISS).
“BICS” Buswork Integrated Cooling System
Paragon Space Development Corporation (Paragon) will develop and prove a compact, low power Buswork Integrated Cooling System (BICS). BICS maintains a constant temperature, and has great flexibility for highly variable heat acquisition, through two-phase heat transport. This technology integrates the coldplate into a laminated buswork typical of tightly integrated battery modules. This laminated configuration fully isolates the cooling system from the busbar conductors via a dielectric working fluid and busbar intraplanar electrical insulation. Two-phase heat transport has the benefit of flow rates at least an order of magnitude smaller than single phase, is readily able transport heat from high flux and transient sources, and can maintain a constant temperature at the evaporator (coldplate or heat exchanger), and condenser over a wide range of heat loads. The system posed is highly flexible through the parallel placement of heat acquisition components, and is insensitive to the installed orientation and configuration of the battery hardware.
The BICS coldplate aims to remove large and highly variable quantities of heat, approaching 350W/cm2, with very little pumping power. The proposed system is insensitive to orientation, highly adaptable, scalable, and utilizes additive manufacturing. The proposed system will be “Better than Commercial Off The Shelf (COTS)” as it is readily available while being massively tailorable.
Paragon aims to integrate three highly developed technologies to develop a water recovery assembly that will provide a wide range in benefits with minimal risk. IRA is an integration of a membrane aerated biological reactor (MABR) that collects and stabilizes wastewater (TRL 5), a multi-barrier membrane distillation via Nafion, and a gas-phase trace contaminant control. IRA provides a systems who’s only moving parts are liquid pumps and gas blowers, and allows the non-recoverable waste to be concentration in the only primary consumable element (trash bag).
IRA’s aim to eliminate storage of separate wastewater sources, eliminates ISS MFB, aqueous phase catalytic reactor, urine processor assembly, and brine processor assembly. The system additionally provides a single-phase purification process, simple near-ambient temperature and pressure interfaces, and a system with 10+ years of MABR development completed by NASA.
“SPS” Genesis Single Person Spacecraft
Genesis Engineering Solutions, Inc (Genesis) has contracted with Paragon Space Development Corporation to develop the conceptual design of the Air Management system (AMS) for their Single Person Spacecraft (SPS). The SPS AMS is responsible for maintaining a safe and comfortable atmosphere for a single occupant during all phases of spacecraft operations (including contingency operations).