Paragon has set a number of records. Click here to read about Paragon’s Firsts. Some of Paragon’s recent projects are described below.
Your View of The World is About to Change
Statement regarding the FAA determination of World View® as a Commercial Space System:
Majestic views of our planet slowly expand below. The curved horizon hangs under the blackness of space. The comfort and gentle glide of the vessel spoils passengers as they sail for hours along the edge of space, and delight in a view that few people have had the honor of surveying…until now.
World View® is pleased to announce plans for a spectacular human flight into nearspace, unlike any other suborbital spaceflight experience being offered today, allowing passengers to remain aloft for hours at a comparably affordable price.
The World View spaceflight experience will begin with a gentle ride in the comfort of a luxuriously appointed space-qualified capsule, lifted by a high altitude balloon to 30 km. There, passengers will remain aloft for approximately two hours before gliding back to Earth.
Passengers will be among the few to have seen the curvature of the Earth with their own eyes. They will be able to gaze at the astounding views, the blackness of space, the brilliance of stars and the thin veil of atmosphere enveloping our planet – scenes previously witnessed exclusively by astronauts – for $75,000.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) recently determined that World View’s spacecraft and its operations fall under the jurisdiction of the office of Commercial Space Flight (51 U.S.C. Chapter 509).
Paragon Space Development Corporation is the vehicle developer. The company brings over 20 years of spaceflight experience and patent-pending technologies to World View, and has already begun component testing. Subscale testing will soon get underway, demonstrating the flight characteristics of the overall integrated system.
“Seeing the Earth hanging in the ink-black void of space will help people realize our connection to our home planet and to the universe around us, and will surely offer a transformative experience to our customers. It is also our goal to open up a whole new realm for exercising human curiosity, scientific research and education,” said Jane Poynter, CEO of World View. “We look forward to pioneering this new, accessible and affordable spaceflight regime, and to sharing the breathtaking, once-in-a-lifetime experience with people from around the globe.”
About World View® Enterprises, Inc.
World View® Enterprises, Inc. is pioneering a new frontier at the edge of space for tourism, research, education and other scientific and commercial pursuits. The firm is offering an accessible, affordable platform to take passengers into nearspace for a human spaceflight experience unlike any other suborbital opportunity being offered today. Propelled by a high-altitude balloon, passengers gently float for hours in the comfort of a space-qualified, luxury capsule, gazing on spectacular views of the planet before gliding back to Earth. World View also offers extensive research and education opportunities. With its partner, Paragon Space Development Corporation, the World View venture is led by experts in high-altitude ballooning, and veterans of human spaceflight and environmental control and life support systems. The entire platform is rooted in technologies that have been successfully used for decades. For more information and to see an animation of the spaceflight, visit www.WorldViewExperience.com.
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The CST-100 (Crew Space Transportation) crew capsule is a spacecraft being designed by Boeing in collaboration with Bigelow Aerospace. It was initially funded via NASA’s Commercial Crew Development (CCDev) program. Its primary mission is to transport crew to the International Space Station and to private space stations such as the proposed Bigelow Aerospace Commercial Space Station. The CST-100 will be able to support crews of up to 7 and is designed to be able to remain on-orbit for up to seven months and fly up to ten missions. In August of 2012 Boeing received $460M under NASA’s Commercial Crew Integrated Capability (CCiCAP) Program to continue work on the spacecraft. Paragon is contracted to supply the Humidity Control Subassembly (HCS) for CST-100.
The discovery of a trajectory allowing for an opportunity to send a space vehicle from Earth, have it fly around Mars, and return to Earth in a relatively short time period, on the order of 500 days (Earth-Mars free-return mission) enables a unique opportunity for mankind. Preliminary analyses have shown that the required technology to facilitate such a manned voyage is, or will be in place in time for the next launch opportunity in January of 2018. Paragon is supporting the Inspiration Mars Foundation and Project by performing all required analyses, generation of data products, and design of an Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS) and ECLSS Technology Development Unit (ETDU) that will sufficiently demonstrate the required technologies to be applied to a 500‐day manned mission to fly around Mars and back.
Paragon was contracted by Mars One to perform an initial conceptual design of the Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS) and Mars Surface Exploration Spacesuit System. During this study, Paragon will identify major suppliers, concepts, and technologies that exist today and can be used as the baseline architecture for further development. The ECLSS will provide and maintain a safe, reliable environment for the inhabitants, providing them with clean air and water. The surface suits will enable the settlers to work outside of the habitat and explore the surface of Mars.
Nitrous Oxide Fuel Blend (NOFBX)
Innovative Space Propulsion Systems (ISPS) is a partnership between Odyssey Space Research and Firestar Technologies. They are developing a propulsion experiment using Nitrous Oxide Fuel Blend (NOFBX) to be operated while attached externally to the International Space Station (ISS). NOFBX is a proprietary, non-toxic monopropellant being developed by Firestar for spaceflight. The integrated NOFBX assembly will be flown on a Space X launch vehicle for delivery to the ESA Columbus External Payload Facility (EPF) where it will remain for up to one (1) year. After expenditure of the propellant, the NOFBX will be disposed of on-orbit at the discretion of ISS. Paragon has been working with Odyssey to provide thermal analysis, manufacturing of the required tubing, clean room assembly, and system integration.
Modular Air Revitalization System (MARS)
Paragon is currently working to adapt its previously developed Commercial Crew Transport-Air Revitalization System (CCT-ARS) to the life support needs for mine refuge alternatives (RAs) that are utilized in coal mining emergencies. Paragon is working with the company, MineShield, to tailor the system to their RAs, and to help retrofit existing RAs for the upcoming new certification standards that will be imposed by December 2013.
Ionomer-Membrane Water Processor (IWP) Development Program
Paragon is developing the use of ionomer-microporous membrane technology to improve the robustness and effectiveness of and to simplify water recovery processes for space applications. Improved robustness and effectiveness will be evident through reduced loading on the downstream post-processor due to the ionomer’s unique property of selective permeability, near complete removal of water from wastewater, and inclusion of a backup barrier between the retentate and permeate. The technology offers simplification over existing technology through a lower dependency on moving parts, and integrated capture of wastewater solutes for disposal.
Phase 2 testing has shown that 98%-99% of the contaminants in pretreated human urine were removed and 98% water recovery from the urine brine was achieved in a configuration that appears to be insensitive to gravity and orientation. The IWP system is being conceived to remove nearly all of the solids from a wastewater stream with minimal heating at low temperatures, while allowing only minor contamination cross-over. As the technology is fully developed, it can be inserted into existing and/or developing water recovery system architectures to increase water recovery rates beyond those available to date.
Commercial Crew Development Program
Paragon developed Commercial Crew Transport-Air Revitalization System (CCT-ARS) under NASA’s Commercial Crew Development Program, phase 1. This modular life support system removes CO2, humidity and trace contaminants from cabin air, and provides air circulation and cooling.
ORION, Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle (MPCV)
Paragon’s primary scope is to design, analyze, and manufacture the tubing for the environmental control and life support system (ECLSS) on the Orion MPCV. We are also supporting the overall Orion vehicle-level schematic, thermal analyses, flight radiator design, and cabin computational fluid dynamics (CFD)/ventilation. Orion-2, the first crewed vehicle, is scheduled to launch to the International Space Station (ISS) in the late 2015 timeframe.
NASA Constellation Space Suit
Paragon is partnered with Oceaneering Space Systems to build an exploration EVA space suit which will be demonstrated at ISS and will enable NASA’s future exploration missions. Paragon is leading the thermal design and analysis effort, and is providing key components for the portable life support system.
Small Payload Quick Return (SPQR)
This innovative program provides passive thermal control for payload sample return from ISS. Such technology would allow for the SPQR vehicle to return refrigerated or frozen biological samples from ISS to Earth on-demand. This capability would be useful to NASA engineers monitoring the status and health of the ISS life support systems, as well as to science experiments utilizing the microgravity environment of ISS. Paragon has designed and tested the thermal control canister, which uses a non-toxic, non-flammable, phase-change material.
Paragon has teamed with Thin Red Line Aerospace to mature its Ultra-High Performance Vessel (UHPV), an inflatable habitat for use in space. UHPV has superior performance and reproducibility compared to other inflatable structures. Through this program, analysis tools were built and verified through 9 tests with prediction vs. experimental burst pressure results agreeing within a maximum deviation of 11%, and the failure mechanism and location being correctly predicted each time. This allows for potentially reduced safety factors now placed upon inflatable structures that are now well above metallic and composite safety factors, thereby making the inflatable structures mass advantages even higher while garnering the packing factor advantages desires for space flight.
Contaminant Insensitive Sublimator
Paragon supported the Advanced Thermal Systems project onsite at NASA-Johnson Space Center as a subcontractor to Jacobs Sverdrup. As part of this project, performed design, analysis, and testing of the Contaminant Insensitive Sublimator (CIS). The CIS is a compact, lightweight, self-regulating component for rejecting heat in the vacuum of space.
View the archive of earlier Paragon projects →